We have started to work on application of revolutionary technologies in the national power system. Presently, we are actively working on preparation of the Smart Grid system for implementation in our country. Throughout the world, smart grids help improve effectiveness and reliability of electricity supply, significantly increase faultless performance of power grids and protect the environment.
The Smart Grid project is being implemented under the Electricity Transmission Project-2 financed by the IBRD with the assistance from the Clean Technology Fund (loan amount: US 48.5 million).
The project’s purpose is to reduce CO2 emissions by creating technical capacity to increase the share of electricity generation from renewable energy sources (RESs) in the country’s total energy balance.
Generation from RESs: distributed generation (connected to networks of distribution companies) with a stochastic generation schedule. Increase in the volume of this energy would result in a fundamental change of the mode of power grids (stochastic generation in distribution depth) and the mode of balancing the whole power system.
In 2014, the Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry and the Belgian company Tractebel have signed a contract on the project’s feasibility study. It was proposed to implement a number of pilot technologies and smart grid projects at the system operator’s level. In particular:
- We plan to increase the dispatcher’s awareness of the power system’s operation mode by ensuring 100% real-time monitoring of our substations and creating conditions for acceptance of new volumes of telemetry from distribution companies and distributed generation from RESs. It would additionally allow us to make various real-time calculations of the power system’s operation modes, as required by ENTSO-E’s regulatory documents.
- RES Forecasting. It envisages implementation of a system that forecasts RES generation output. This task must be accomplished by the participants themselves (to avoid imbalances) and by the system operator (to evaluate new projects and plan electricity generation modes).
- Grid CIM Modeling & Transparency.Among its objectives is creation of an integration platform to gather the power system’s technological data. This platform would reflect the new connection cost and electricity quality indicators for the country’s particular regions.
- Virtual Power Plant & Demand Responce & V2G.While the foregoing measures are of mostly preparatory purpose, this block is aimed at offsetting the consequences of stochastic electricity generation from RESs. We will test the use of electric cars in the primary and secondary regulation, technologies of signing up consumers for the secondary and tertiary regulation, and the integrating technology of a virtual power station. It will allow us to consolidate generation of electricity from RESs and the aforementioned new forms of maneuverable capacities.
Presently, we have signed a contract with AF-Consult on the consulting service concerning development of the tender documentation for procurement of the project’s technical and program solutions.