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  • Cross-border flows

    The balance of flows between the power system of Ukraine and the power systems of neighboring countries

    symbol “+” means a flow into the power system of Ukraine
    symbol “−” means a flow from the power system of Ukraine

    Geographical location and the existence of high-capacity interstate power transmission lines in the Power System of Ukraine allows to facilitate significant exchange of electricity with power systems of European Union member states (Hungary, Slovakia, Poland and Romania) and power systems of CIS states (Russia, Belarus, Moldova).

    Connection with power systems of other countries is maintained via Ukrenergo’s interstate power transmission lines. It helps ensure mutually-beneficial electricity exchange, and improve reliability of electricity supply to consumers and integration of electricity markets of various countries.

    The Power System of Ukraine is divided into two parts. The main part of the Power System of Ukraine operates simultaneously with power systems of CIS and Baltic states, and the other part – Burshtynska TPP Island – as part of ENTSO-E.

    Simultaneous operation of the Power System of Ukraine as part of high-capacity power systems allows to boost its reliability and reduce the aggregate amount of emergency reserve required for its functioning.

    Ukrenergo transmits electricity via interstate power lines in the following directions:

    • from Burshtynska TPP Island to Hungary, Slovakia and Romania.

    Maximum export capacity: 650 MW.

    – “Directional transmission” via 220 kV Dobrotvirska TPP – Zamość (Poland) power line

    Maximum export capacity: 235 MW.

    – Moldova’s power system

    Maximum flow capacity between the IPS of Ukraine and  the IPS of Moldova: 700 MW, but may be limited to zero.

    • Republic of Belarus

    Maximum flow capacity between the Power System of Ukraine and  the IPS of Belarus: 900 MW.

    • Russian Federation

    Maximum flow capacity between the Power System of Ukraine and the IPS of Russia : 3000 MW.

    Volume of electricity exported/imported from/to the Power System of Ukraine

    Volume of electricity exported/imported from/to the Power System of Ukraine in 2019 (millions kWh)
    January February March April May June July August September October November December Total for period
    EXPORT
    Hungary 293,266 320,058 338,591 382,404 386,078 174,061 324,393 317,753 309,743 0,000 0,000 0,000 2 846,347
    Slovakia 17,329 16,211 13,058 8,293 40,372 14,127 2,315 1,390 1,061 0,000 0,000 0,000 114,156
    Romania 8,844 14,298 5,459 2,955 0,000 0,000 20,326 11,638 1,786 0,000 0,000 0,000 65,306
    Poland 112,874 142,103 155,405 29,952 116,272 102,142 96,803 108,782 117,283 0,000 0,000 0,000 981,617
    Moldova 79,168 70,849 74,629 43,795 41,099 47,305 47,928 50,504 46,042 0,000 0,000 0,000 501,319
    Russia 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Belarus 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
      IMPORT
    Hungary 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 19,943 17,492 47,031 0,000 0,000 0,000 84,466
    Slovakia 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 151,093 147,264 124,566 0,000 0,000 0,000 422,923
    Romania 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Poland 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Belarus 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 103,584 146,635 179,42 0,000 0,000 0,000 429,639
    Total
    export  511,481 563,520  587,143 467,4 583,821 337,634 491,764 490,067 475,915 0,000 0,000 0,000 4 508,745
    import 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 274,620 311,391 351,017 0,000 0,000 0,000 937,028
     Technological electricity flows resulting from the parallel operation of the power systems of Ukraine and its neighbour countries
    Russia* 2,046 1,323 2,223 2,704 2,908 2,421 2,298 3,435 6,434 0,000 0,000 0,000 25,791
    Belarus** 0,082 0,094 0,129 0,130 0,127 0,139 0,000 0,021 0,043 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,764

    * electricity flows from the parallel operation of the power systems of Ukraine and Russia

    ** electricity flows to supply dead-end load areas of border consumers in the power systems of Belarus and Ukraine

    Volume of electricity exported/imported from/to the Power System of Ukraine in 2018 (millions kWh)
    January February March April May June July August September October November December Total for period
    EXPORT
    Hungary 291,573 333,3746 360,343 369,548 260,763 302,948 273,635 216,957 261,449 285,162 337,469 301,188 3 594,408
    Slovakia 4,325 13,298 15,167 23,681 4,570 16,965 11,526 3,515 16,244 23,146 21,725 13,498 167,660
    Romania 2,034 3,284 3,002 0,993 0,084 1,860 2,610 0,539 0,164 0,000 12,180 10,925 37,675
    Poland 145,941 142,411 134,976 117,764 115,459 66,780 108,559 90,159 116,100 123,206 129,506 119,291 1 410,152
    Moldova 47,954 48,060 50,204 80,867 83,682 93,219 94,918 96,777 88,940 100,846 88,353 81,958 955,779
    Russia 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Belarus 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
      IMPORT
    Russia* 3,053 2,971 2,535 2,374 3,289 3,195 2,238 1,798 1,955 1,979 1,970 2,134 29,490
    Belarus 0,107 0,129 0,125 0,116 0,120 0,116 0,069 0,103 0,103 0,115 0,048 0,037 1,188
    Total
    export 491,827 540,426 563,692 592,854 464,558 481,773 491,248 407,947 482,897 532,360 589,233 526,860 6 165,674
    import 3,160 3,100 2,660 2,490 3,408 3,311 2,307 1,902 2,058 2,094 2,018 2,171 30,678

     *обсяги перетоків електроенергії для живлення тупикових районів навантаження прикордонних споживачів енергосистем Білорусі і України.

    Volume of electricity exported/imported from/to the Power System of Ukraine in 2017 (millions kWh)
    January February March April May June July August September October November December Total for period
    EXPORT
    Hungary 420,354 334,561 223,456 287,540 114,821 306,664 140,200 136,734 275,680 194,299 160,166 266,106 2 851,582
    Slovakia 7,180 3,173 1,780 16,325 59,399 12,422 7,081 12,071 25,734 0,476 2,062 14,324 162,028
    Romania 0,652 22,504 4,042 4,751 35,011 7,439 10,584 20,055 7,281 0,085 3,316 8,363 124,082
    Poland 131,222 52,895 147,546 82,013 114,469 87,408 104,156 0,000 3,468 13,575 43,347 114,657 894,755
    Moldova 0,000 0,000 0,000 280,045 283,933 131,124 93,053 97,116 84,753 58,919 49,664 55,294 1 133,901
    Russia 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Belarus 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    IMPORT
    Russia* 4,624 3,486 3,242 3,359 4,059 6,800 5,561 3,479 3,083 4,054 1,553 3,659 46,959
    Belarus 0,106 0,077 0,104 0,119 0,093 0,084 0,046 0,105 0,099 0,116 0,112 0,022 1,083
    Total      
    export  559,408 413,133 376,824 661,674 607,634 545,058 355,074 265,976 396,915 267,353 258,555 458,743 5 166,348
    import 4,730 3,563 3,346 3,478 4,152 6,884 5,607 3,584 3,182 4,170 1,665 3,681 48,043

    * обсяги перетоків електроенергії для живлення тупикових районів навантаження прикордонних споживачів енергосистем Білорусі і України.

    Volume of electricity exported/imported from/to the Power System of Ukraine in 2016 (millions kWh)
    January February March April May June July August September October November December Total for period
    EXPORT
    Hungary 266,698 264,386 322,482 278,468 162,045 233,977 253,321 103,820 162,648 284,234 332,905 390,647 3 055,630
    Slovakia 0,000 0,128 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,128
    Romania 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Poland 77,667 97,164 125,384 144,046 120,684 92,081 17,963 12,284 61,942 85,789 0,000 122,397 957,400
    Moldova* 1,238 1,355 1,109 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 3,702
    Russia 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Білорусь 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    IMPORT
    Russia* 5,877 4,608 3,775 2,947 2,346 24,644 7,739 2,508 3,300 6,261 5,850 5,798 75,652
    Belarus 0,139 0,090 0,117 0,114 0,108 0,129 0,106 0,142 0,047 0,054 0,091 0,069 1,207
    Total
    export 345,603 363,034 448,975 422,513 282,729 326,058 271,284 116,104 224,589 370,023 332,905 513,044 4 016,860
    import   6,016 4,698 3,893 3,062 2,454 24,773 7,845 2,650 3,347 6,315 5,941 5,866 76,859
     *обсяги перетоків електроенергії для живлення тупикових районів навантаження прикордонних споживачів енергосистем Білорусі і України.
    Volume of electricity exported/imported from/to the Power System of Ukraine in 2015 (millions kWh)
    January February March April May June July August September October November December Total for period
    EXPORT
    Hungary 270,466 216,996 382,136 252,144 291,836 360,081 415,463 277,784 193,747 260,575 285,515 324,284 3 531,026
    Slovakia 2,087 6,891 6,278 6,532 0,120 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 21,908
    Romania 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Poland 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 37,709 0,000 1,733 27,052 0,000 0,000 66,495
    Moldova 0,855 0,880 0,859 0,913 0,000 1,753 1,205 5,668 1,612 0,912 1,516 1,426 17,599
    Russia 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,772 0,000 1,512 0,000 0,000 1,472 0,000 3,756
    Belarus 0,078 0,052 0,074 0,085 0,075 0,069 0,075 0,042 0,063 0,054 0,064 0,056 0,787
    IMPORT
    Russia 369,383 518,856 351,074 142,458 8,379 2,762 93,481 455,591 127,976 18,442 201,525 6,003 2 295,931
    Moldova 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Total
    export  273,486 224,818 389,347 259,675 292,030 362,675 454,452 285,006 197,156 288,593 287,095 325,765 3 640,099
    import  369,383 518,856 351,074 142,458 8,379 2,762 93,481 455,591 127,976 18,442 201,525 6,003 2 295,931
    Volume of electricity exported/imported from/to the Power System of Ukraine in 2014 (millions kWh)
    January February March April May June July August September October November December Total for period
    EXPORT
    Hungary 393,018 394,258 432,141 239,476 336,747 428,793 423,346 284,661 288,213 328,586 327,309 268,564 4 145,112
    Slovakia 4,044 3,404 3,006 3,934 17,554 2,471 7,933 3,071 2,467 27,128 10,195 5,072 90,279
    Romania 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000
    Poland 91,140 84,215 113,736 140,475 99,647 69,466 64,639 22,462 0,000 0,000 0,001 0,000 685,780
    Moldova 62,293 55,217 74,799 81,146 73,720 69,665 84,352 69,357 57,523 58,212 43,307 1,121 730,711
    Belarus 69,533 242,806 108,839 272,459 226,260 482,706 453,200 328,826 216,060 0,035 0,088 0,136 2 400,948
    IMPORT
    Russia 3,044 3,729 4,191 3,465 3,784 3,508 5,275 6,414 10,553 19,666 21,130 93,233 177,993
    Total
    export
    620,028 779,900 732,520 737,490 753,927 1 053,101 1 033,470 708,377 564,262 413,961 380,900 274,893 8 052,829
     import  3,044 3,729 4,191 3,465 3,784 3,508 5,275 6,414 10,553 19,666 21,130 93,233 177,993