“A safety aspect is the most important in the implementation of the Agreement on the Conditions for the Future Interconnection of Ukrainian and Moldovan Power Systems to the Continental European Entso-E Power System,” Vsevolod Kovalchuk said speaking at the round table “Separating from Russia: Perspectives of Ukraine’s Accession to the European Energy Network ENTSO-E”, which took place in the Ukrainian Crisis Media Center on 18 July. According to him, while in matters of gas supplies Ukraine made real steps towards diversifying sources and reducing dependence on the monopoly position of the Russian Federation, such dependence was not reduced in the electricity sector, on the contrary, it only increased. First of all, it is caused by the coal factor and dependence of Ukraine on thermal generation working on anthracite coal. It is the issue of energy security that has become the driving motive for the activation of the European integration initiatives.
Historically, the IPS of Ukraine is dependent on the UES of Russia in terms of regulation of the frequency and capacity in the network, possible emergency assistance, supply of nuclear fuel, etc. At the same time, we have a negative experience of the failure to provide, on the pretext of various technical reasons, by the Russian side the emergency assistance on the days critical for the stability of the Ukrainian energy system, despite the relevant agreement effective for 20 years.
Chairman of Ukrenergo, Vsevolod Kovalchuk thinks that the integration with ENTSO-E is the way to get rid of dependence on Russia in matters of reliable power supply and stability of the domestic power system. “Implementation of the Catalogue of Measures, which is an integral part of the Agreement, implies the actions and investments that we would have made in any case. Compliance with their European requirements will only improve the quality of electric power in Ukraine and the stability of our energy system, provide us with an opportunity to regulate the frequency independently from Russia. In addition, this is a real step towards strengthening the security of electricity supply,” V. Kovalchuk mentioned.