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  • Ukrenergo review 15-22 september 2017

    Drops of slanting rain wake the tired city. Autumn is getting closer with the bright colours while Ukrenergo is preparing fresh news to wake you up after the hot summer days. We are here to tell you about:

    1. Last emissions.Frankfurt Auto Show, one of the greatest car exhibitions in the world, proclaims the replacement of the diesels by the electric cars.  It was not long ago the last scandals put diesels at a disadvantage and the ecologic trends shorten its longevity.  It concerns not only the cars bit the electric diesel engines. Sales of diesel powered cars and SUVs were as high as 55.7% of Western European sales in 2011, hovered around 50% until 2015, but are now on the slide, with some experts saying by 2025 market share could collapse to about 15%.

    Is it however that clear? The U.S. researches proves the diesels are not about to die righ now. Diesel is important as the fuel as it is more advantageous for both cars and mobile power units. Let`s see who is right.

    1. World energy consumption is to increase by 28% until 2040. That’s the latest projection from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). Most of the growth is expected to come from countries that are not in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and especially in nations where demand is driven by strong economic growth. Non-OECD Asia, which includes China and India, is forecast to account for more than 60% of the world’s total increase in energy use during the same period. The International Energy Outlook 2017 report projects increased world consumption of marketed energy from all fuel sources, except for coal demand, which is expected to remain essentially flat. Renewables are to become the fastest growing energy source. The world’s second fastest growing energy source is projected to be nuclear power, with consumption rising by 1.5% per year during that period. Fossil fuels are however still expected to account for more than three quarters of world energy use through 2040, with natural gas becoming the fastest growing source.
    2. Smart roads and power.Researchers in Britain are working on smart materials that when embedded in road surfaces would be able to harvest and convert vehicle vibration into electrical energy to powerstreet lamps or electric vehicle charging points. The research project aims to design and optimize energy recovery of around one to two megawatts per kilometer under ‘normal’ traffic volumes — which is around 2,000 to 3,000 cars an hour. This amount of energy, when stored, is the amount needed to power between 2,000 and 4,000 street lamps. The researchers said they were working on smart materials such as ‘piezolectric’ ceramics for the project. The researchers believe that besides providing environmental benefits, the project would also help deliver significant cost savings for taxpayers.
    3. Exporting sunshine.Society knows all about the solar panels producing electricity out of the sunshine. How about turning sunshine into the fuel? The process to create “Solar Fuels” essentially involves a lot of chemical processes with hydrogen and even ammonia. Indian Government starts working out the projects to develop the infrastructure for the production of the liquid fuel out of the sunshine.  India is blessed with unlimited amounts of sun and has an enormous capacity to generate renewable energy compared to other countries. Bill Gates recently launched Breakthrough Ventures, a $1 billion fund to invest in scientific discoveries that have the potential to deliver cheap and reliable clean energy to the world. Gates believes “Solar Fuels” has the potential to be an “energy miracle,” as it would solve several of the current challenges to renewable energy adoption and dramatic greenhouse gas emission reductions. 
    4. Noncentralized future of the power sector.A northern Japanese city’s efforts to rebuild its electric powersystem after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami mark a quiet shift to the local renewables. Micro-grids keeps on working even if the power supply is cut.

    Companies in Japan are shifting their focus in response to the changes heralded by cities like Higashi Matsushima. After losing three-quarters of its homes and 1,100 people in the March 2011 temblor and tsunami, the city of Higashi Matsushima received funding from the government however  The city of 40,000 chose to construct micro-grids and de-centralized renewable power generation to create a self-sustaining system capable of producing an average of 25 percent of its electricity without the need of the region’s local power utility. The city’s steps illustrate a massive yet little known effort to take dozens of Japan’s towns and communities off the power grid and make them partly self-sufficient in generating electricity. Japan may completely shift to the small local grids.

    Sources:

    https://www.forbes.com/sites/neilwinton/2017/09/10/frankfurt-auto-show-may-perform-the-last-rites-for-diesel/#5b199e1f508b

    http://www.energylivenews.com/2017/09/18/world-energy-use-to-grow-28-by-2040/

    http://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/innovation-smart-roads-could-power-street-lamps-electric-cars/60752277

    https://cleantechnica.com/2017/09/13/india-can-export-sunshine-around-world/

    http://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/quiet-energy-revolution-underway-in-japan-as-dozens-of-towns-go-off-the-grid/60748986

     

     

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