December 22 is a big day within Ukrainian energy sector. We are celebrating the Power Engineer`s Day. Thus, let`s focus on the brightest and the most energetic news of this week. This week`s Ukrenergo Review opens new horizons about:
1. New generation of transformers. The systems design and energy technology company recently launched its prototype Faraday Exchanger at a live demonstration at Scotland’s National Museum in Edinburgh. According to the company, the existing electricity networks can sustainably support only around 30% penetration from renewable energy sources (e.g. wind and solar power) without significant additional cost. More than 100 energy sector specialists, academics and investors from around the world attended the launch to witness the Exchanger in action. The Exchanger’s technology smooths out the volatility of the renewables by regulating electricity voltage, power factor and frequency within a single device that integrates into existing electricity networks. This enables much more renewable energy to be integrated onto the electricity grid at no additional cost. With the launch of the Faraday Exchanger, the researchers are unashamedly seeking to change the course of history enabling society to integrate and access much more clean and affordable renewable energy than ever before. Widespread adoption of the Exchanger could generate a saving of more than £30 on the average UK household electricity bill as well as make significant annual carbon savings in the many millions of tonnes. The Faraday Grid enables a significant increase in the integration of renewables into the energy mix so that renewables can be the cornerstone of our ability to deliver flexible clean energy solutions to our grid and industrial customers. The Faraday Grid itself represents a wider network of ‘smart’ Exchangers that fit seamlessly into the existing electricity system.
2. China Launches World’s First All-Electric Cargo Ship. China has launched the first all-electric cargo ship. According to China Daily, the 230 foot long vessel is equipped with a 2,400 kWh lithium-ion battery that stores enough electrical energy to transport 2200 tons of cargo a distance of 50 miles on a single charge at a top speed of about 8 miles per hour. As the ship is fully electric powered, it poses no threats to the environment. The technology will soon be likely … used in passenger or engineering ships. The battery for the ship is comprised of 1,000 individual lithium-ion packs. Adding enough power to carry more cargo is simply a matter of adding more battery packs. The new ship has two primary benefits. First, it will emit no carbon emissions while underway. Cargo vessels tend to be some of the biggest carbon pollution sources in the entire transportation sector. Second, it will lower the cost of transportation for bulk cargoes because the price of electricity is lower than the price of diesel fuel. This kind of ship takes into consideration the harmony between humans and nature and can protect water quality and marine life, and should be copied by other ships sailing on local rivers. The Chinese should be applauded for advancing the idea of electric propulsion for ships, but using clean power to lower the cost of shipping coal to electric generating plants illustrates how far the world has to go before a zero-emissions world becomes a realistic possibility.
3. Strategic interconnection. Eirgrid and SONI – two Irish system operators have joined and become a shareholder in Coreso, the coordinating body for regional security. They join their European counterparts from Belgium (Elia), France (RTE), the UK (National Grid), Italy (Terna), Germany (50Hertz), Portugal (REN) and Spain (REE). The involvement of the Irish operators arises from the recommendation of the European Commission and the European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E) for the promotion of greater and increased coordination among European operators, with the support of a Regional Security Centre (RSC). The CEO of Coreso, Jean-François Gahungu, explained: “EirGrid and SONI’s purchase of a stake in Coreso ensures geographical coherence of operational coordination in the Ireland-United Kingdom and Channel area. Now that Ireland is on board, Coreso can act as the RSC for the whole area. Fintan Slye, Chief Executive of EirGrid, said: “Joining Coreso will result in increased efficiency in system operation and minimises risks of wide area events, such as brownouts or blackouts. It will also reduce costs through maximised availability of transmission capacity to electricity generators.” Robin McCormick, Director, Operations, Planning & Innovation and General Manager SONI, added: “Enhanced coordination among grid operators will also minimise the need for the costly re-dispatching of electricity generation, especially costly emergency actions.” The interconnection is a great example of the integration and a coordinated work. Interconnection of EirGrid and SONI will allow creating a more effective approach within the energy cooperation in general.
4. EU vs. Synchronization of the Baltic grid. The European Union is always looking for the best way to disconnect the Baltic energy system from that of the Russian Federation as well as it syncronisation with the Continental Europe system (ENTSO-E). MarošŠefčovič, the Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy MiguelArias Cañete, and the Ministers of Energy of Estonia Kadri Simson, Latvia ArvilsAšeradens, Lithuania Žygimantas Vaičiūnas and Poland Krzysztof Tchórzewski, agreed on the way forward to find, by the end of May 2018 at the latest, a solution on the best way to synchronize the Baltic States’ electricity grid with the continental Europe system. The synchronization of the electricity grid with the continental European network (CEN) is one of the highest energy priorities for the Baltic States and the EU in the years to come. The relevant grid reinforcements have been included in the list of Projects of Common Interest (PCI) adopted by the Commission on 23 November 2017. Projects of Common Interest are key infrastructure projects, especially cross-border projects that interconnect the energy systems of EU countries. They are intended to help the EU achieve its energy policy and climate objectives: affordable, secure and sustainable energy for all citizens.
5. Active international position. Egypt is in talks with Saudi Arabia for an electricity interconnection project at a total investment cost of $1.56 billion and with a 3000 megawatt capacity, Electricity Minister Mohamed Shaker said at an Al-Ahram energy conference. The project is set to be operational by 2021, Shaker said.
Contracts with Gulf Cooperation Council Countries regarding electricity interconnection will be signed in April. Egypt is linked with Jordan with a 450 MW line, and with Libya through a 200 MW line.
Egypt has also been in negotiations with Cyprus and Greece over a number of energy projects.
A memorandum of understanding was signed for electricity interconnection between Egypt, Cyprus and Greece, for a 3000 MW capacity line, Shaker said. Egypt is cooperating with Chinese company State Grid to implement a super voltage network with 500 kW capacity over a total of 1,210 kilometres, the electricity minister said. Egypt signed a memorandum of understanding with the Beijing-based Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO), an association that focuses on promoting sustainable development of energy, in August 2017.