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  • UKRENERGO REVIEW 10 – 17 NOVEMBER 2017

    Reach the peaks in the energy world with the Ukrenergo review. Only the most interesting and the most catchy news reports. We are beginning:

    1. eHighways. We have already got used to the e-vehicles however how about the e-roads? An eHighway demonstration has been launched in the Californian city of Carson. Three freight trucks are running along the stretch of the one-mile highway, using technology from Siemens to electrify select lanes via an overhead system. Actually, it looks like the lines for trams or trains. However, the catenary system supplies the trucks with electric power and allows their operaton outside the electrified parts of the infrastructure. It is expected to reduce the use of fossil fuels, truck operating costs and CO2 emissions – as heavy duty trucks are said to be the major soure of smog-forming emissions in Southern California. Roland Edel, Chief Technology Officer at Siemens Mobility Division said: “Every day, Americans rely on the goods and services that are carried by freight. This mode of transportation is predicted to double global CO2 emissions by 2050. “Our eHighway technology has the capacity to double efficiency in comparison to regular diesel-powered trucks. This in turn cuts energy consumption in two and reduces local air pollution around America’s largest harbours.” Great solution owing the cars are main air pollutants.
    2. Solar park for refugees. Jordan Monday inaugurated the largest solar part to operate in a refugee facility. The park will improve the lives of tens of thousands of Syrian refugees at the Zaatari desert camp. The 4,000 solar panels with a total capacity of 12.9 megawatts are designed to provide 14 hours of electricity a day to Zaatari’s 80,000 inhabitants, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. The project was financed by Germany at a cost of 15 million euros. The UNHCR has previously been providing eight hours of electricity a day, costing $500,000 a month, said Stefano Severe, the agency’s representative in Jordan. “With this solar panel plant and this grant from Germany, UNHCR will be able to provide 14 hours with zero cost,” he said at a ceremony at the camp attended by Jordan’s Energy Minister Salah al-Kharabsheh and German ambassador Birgitta Siefker-Eberle. He said the savings would be used to improve other services in the camp. The following experience is not for the first time in Jordan. In May, Jordan scored a world first for a refugee camp powered by renewable energy, according to the UNHCR, when it opened a two-megawatt solar plant in Azraq, which is home to 35,000 refugees. Great example of the humanitarian power assistance to ensire the essential needs.    
    3. Who is to pay for electric chargers? Electric vehicles are unlikely to win broad market acceptance unless they can be charged quickly and easily anywhere. Chargers are critical in getting rid of “range anxiety,” the fear of running out of charge with no station in sight. There is a debate among as to whether utilities should be allowed to own and operate charging infrastructure for electric cars. Many cities have turned down utilities’ requeststo build charging stations with customers’ money. If you are an owner of an e-car you1ll be happy with a following scenario charging the vehicle free. As well let`s take it fair, that`s a great incentive for the “green” energy however a negative factor for the economy.  Thus, some utilities in America want to own and operate electric car chargers electric car chargers to increase profit.  Public utilities in California are eager to move forward with electric car chargers. Southern California Edison filed a plan to raise $570 million over five years for 50 fast-charging ports that could charge cars in under 30 minutes. The funds will also be used to develop charging stations for electric buses and trucks and implement rate incentives to encourage electric vehicle owners to charge during off-peak hours. This plan is in addition to Southern California Edison’s approved program to deploy 1,500 Level 2 chargers at workplaces and multifamily houses. In addition, Kansas City Power & Light submitted a similar request for more than a thousand charging stations. Allowing utilities to build electric vehicle charging infrastructure could help their business models and ease customers’ range anxiety. Simple economic rationale but a serious reason to ponder over a future charge for the e-vehicles.
    4. Dawn of a new energy era.After decades of research and planning, a group of scientists in France are attempting to achieve the impossible: harnessing the heavens. They are building a “tokamak”, a donut-shaped, man-made, artificial star that has the potential to bring the universe down to earth and provide millions of years of clean energy. While it once seemed impossible that we would be able to create, control, and confine plasma hotter than the sun, the development of tokamaks has created, for the first time, a viable avenue for nuclear fusion. The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), the massive tokamak fusion reactor under construction in Southern France, has been internationally funded with $14 Billion dollars (a number that will continue to rise) in capital. It’s a combined effort by many nations in the European Union along with the United States, Russia, China, India, Japan, and South Korea. In order to fuse hydrogen atoms into helium, tokamaks must maintain the astronomical level of heat of the plasma (the hottest state of matter) they control. This is a particular challenge due to the percolating bubbles that arise and release this vital heat (think of boiling water). In order to function, a tokamak needs to maintain a temperature of around 100 million degrees Celsius. Working as a complement to wind and solar, nuclear fusion would bring us much, much closer to creating a carbon-neutral planet, a goal that has never been more urgent.
    5. Eco-diesel.Audi is expanding production of what it says is a nearly carbon neutral kind of gasoline and diesel from entirely renewable sources. Audi says its e-diesel fuel allows cars to run in a way that is almost carbon neutral. The process uses electrolysis to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. The oxygen is released into the air, while the hydrogen is combined with carbon dioxide to make hydrocarbons. These hydrocarbons are then separated to produce the synthetic diesel fuel. The German automaker, a unit of Volkswagen, said Wednesday that it plans to build a new pilot facility where it will make synthetic “e-diesel” in Laufenburg, Switzerland.  Audi says its e-diesel fuel allows cars to run in a way that is almost carbon neutral — meaning the fuel would not substantially add carbon emissions into the atmosphere. Audi expects to begin building the factory in early 2018, and plans to begin delivering the e-diesel within the year. The facility has a planned capacity of 105,669 gallons of fuel per year. Audi has been working on another pilot e-diesel project since 2014 with the energy technology corporation sunfire in Dresden, Germany. The new project in Laufenberg is the first to use renewable energy to power the factory. Audi also has its own facility where it makes synthetic methane, which it calls e-gas, for the natural gas-burning Audi g-tron models A3, A4 and A5.  Diesel is a popular fuel in Europe, notwithstanding it was recently at the center of a scandal. The negative publicity fueled speculation that diesel engines will lose popularity among consumers, or will simply be unable to meet ever-tighter emissions standards.
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