Since the introduction of quarantine on March 12 due to the threat of the COVID-19 coronavirus epidemic, electricity consumption in Ukraine has decreased by almost 4%: from 411 million kWh prior to the introduction of the quarantine on March 11 to 395.6 kWh on March 19.
In addition to quarantine measures, such as restriction of work of utility sector, shopping malls, service companies, educational institutions, limitation of production of industrial enterprises, etc., the warm spring weather contributes to the reduction of electricity consumption. Thus, the average daily temperature on March 11-19, 2020, was by 1°C higher than in the comparable period of 2019: 5.7°C versus 4.7°C. At the same time, the average daily consumption for the same period of 2019 was almost by 7% higher
Further reduction of electricity consumption will be facilitated by the upcoming spring warming and the gradual decrease of the heat supply volumes when the average daily temperature reaches + 8°C for a certain period.
As a result, in March, the monthly consumption is forecast to decrease by 8.2% compared to the same period in 2019. The reduction of the daily maximum of consumption is up to 18 300 MW compared to 20 100 MW in March 2019.
One of the main consequences of reduced consumption is the restriction of electricity imports, conventional electricity generation, and renewable energy sources (RES) during peak loads in the power grid. These measures will be applied to comply with the operational security limits of of the power system of Ukraine.